Chaotic, crowded, and cosmopolitan, Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is a city of contrasts. Home to millions of people from around the world, the city is a mixture of languages and cultures, poverty and wealth. The city boasts some of the best nightlife in Asia and some of the worst traffic. Every holiday, the locals escape the pollution and the crowds to enjoy relaxing diversions like Ancol Dreamland, an amusement area featuring water parks, beaches, golf courses, and a SeaWorld.
Maluku (Moluccas) is a historic Spice Islands, fought over to this day, largely unexplored and almost unknown to the outside world.
Sulawesi (Celebes) is strangely shaped, this island houses a diversity of societies and some spectacular scenery, Toraja culture, rich flora and fauna, world class diving sites.
Java is the country’s heartland, dubbed once as The Garden Of The East by a travel writer E.R. Scidmore. Big cities including the capital Jakarta, and a lot of people packed on a not-so-big island. Also features the cultural treasures of Yogyakarta: the colossal Borobudur and Prambanan.
If you’re seeking white sand, spectacular diving, frothing hot springs and hidden traditional villages, Nusa Tenggara is your wonderland.
Spreading west from the Wallace Line dividing Asia from Australasia, this archipelago is lush and jungle-green in the north, tending to drier savannah in the south and east. In between are some of the world’s best diving spots, limitless surf breaks, Technicolor volcanic lakes, pink-sand beaches and swaggering dragons. Nusa Tenggara also known as the Lesser Sunda Islands, the “Southeast Islands”.
Kalimantan (Borneo). The vast majority of this, the world’s third largest island, is covered by the Indonesian province. Uncharted jungles, mighty rivers, home of the orangutan, a paradise for the adventurer.
Sumatra (incl. the Riau Islands and Bangka-Belitung) is wild and rugged, the 6th largest island in the world has a great natural and cultural wealth with more than 40 million inhabitants. Habitat to many endangered species.
Papua (Irian Jaya)
The western half of the island of New Guinea, with mountains, forests, swamps, an almost impenetrable wilderness in one of the most remote places on earth.
By far the most popular visitor destination in Indonesia, Bali’s blend of unique culture, legendary beaches, spectacular highland regions and unique underwater life make it a perennial favourite amongst global travellers.
The Land of Javan Rhino
Perhaps it is nature’s will that the last sanctuary of the one-horned rhinoceros sondaicus or the Javan Rhino – the Banten Province – should resemble the shape of a rhino.
This rhino is probably the rarest large mammal species in the world, and is on the brink of extinction. Classified as critically endangered in IUCN Red List, no more than 50 individuals are estimated to survive in the wild, and there are none in captivity.
Only one population of Javan rhino survives in Indonesia, in Ujung Kulon (Pandeglang District, Banten Province) on the island of Java. The only other population in Vietnam has been declared as extinct. The Javan rhinoceros has been protected since 1931 in Indonesia.
Ujung Kulon National Park in south western side of Java has been designated for the conservation of this species in 1992.
Ecology and Habitat
Javan rhinos were once found inhabiting the areas surrounding all major volcanoes in west Java, some of which are 3,000m above sea level. During the 1960s an estimated 20-30 individuals remained in Ujung Kulon National Park. The population doubled from 1967 to 1978, after rigorous protection (supported in part by WWF-Indonesia) was put in place. Since the end of 1970s, population numbers appear to be stable with a growth rate at the average of 1% per year (maximum estimation).